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Inorg Chem. 2017 May 15;56(10):5720-5727. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b00335. Epub 2017 Apr 21.

Remarkably Enhancing Green-Excitation Efficiency for Solar Energy Utilization: Red Phosphors Ba2ZnS3:Eu2+, X- Co-Doped Halide Ions (X = Cl, Br, I).

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Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology & Traditional Chinese Medicine Research (Ministry of Education) and Key Laboratory of Sustainable Resources Processing and Advanced Materials of Hunan Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Normal University , Changsha, Hunan 410081, China.


Eu2+-activated Ba2ZnS3 has been reported as a red phosphor with a broad emission band peaking at 650 nm under blue excitation for white-LED. In this study, Ba2ZnS3:Eu2+, X- (X = F, Cl, Br, I) phosphors doped with halide ions were prepared by traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction. Phase identification of powders was performed by X-ray powder diffraction analysis, confirming the existence of single-phase Ba2ZnS3 crystals without dopant. The corresponding excitation spectra showed an additional broad band in the green region peaking at 550 nm when the phosphor was halogenated except by the smallest F-. It was proved that the green-excitation efficiency successively strengthened from Cl-, to Br-, to I-, which suggested larger halide ions made a greater contribution to the further splitting of the t2g energy level of the doped Eu2+ ions in the host Ba2ZnS3, and the optimized formula Ba1.995ZnS2.82:Eu2+0.005, I-0.18 showed a potential application in solar spectral conversion for agricultural greenhouse and solar cell. Defect chemistry theory and crystal field theory provided insights into the key role of halide ions in enhancing green-excitation efficiency.

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