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Sci Rep. 2017 Apr 21;7:46713. doi: 10.1038/srep46713.

Expression control of the AMPK regulatory subunit and its functional significance in yeast ER stress response.

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Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.


AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an evolutionarily conserved heterotrimeric kinase complex consisting of a catalytic subunit, α, and two regulatory subunits, β and γ. Previously, we demonstrated that Snf1, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ortholog of AMPK, negatively regulates the unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway and the Hog1 MAP kinase pathway in ER stress response. However, it remains unclear how the alternate three β subunits, Sip1, Sip2, and Gal83, of the Snf1 complex participate in ER stress response. Here, we show that Gal83 plays a major role in Snf1-mediated downregulation of the UPR and Hog1 pathways. Gal83 is the most abundant β subunit in the normal state and further induced by ER stress. This induction is mediated via activation of the GAL83 promoter by the UPR. When expressed under the control of the GAL83 promoter, Sip2 exhibits potent functional activity equivalent to Gal83. Our results suggest that the functional significance of the β subunit of Snf1 AMPK in ER stress response is defined by modulation of the expression level through regulation of the promoter activity.

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