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J Assist Reprod Genet. 2017 Jul;34(7):877-883. doi: 10.1007/s10815-017-0923-5. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

Women's alcohol consumption and cumulative incidence of live birth following in vitro fertilization.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave., KS 3, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.
2
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck St, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
3
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 221 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
4
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 667 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
5
Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 181 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
6
Boston IVF, 130 Second Ave, Waltham, MA, 02451, USA.
7
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave., KS 3, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. mhacker@bidmc.harvard.edu.
8
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck St, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. mhacker@bidmc.harvard.edu.
9
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 667 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. mhacker@bidmc.harvard.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of alcohol consumption on outcomes among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

DESIGN:

This study is a retrospective cohort study.

SETTING:

This study was performed in a private academically affiliated IVF center.

PATIENTS:

Patients included women presenting for their first IVF cycle from July 2004 through October 2012.

INTERVENTION:

Women completed self-administered questionnaires before their first IVF cycle, which included report of usual alcohol consumption. Women were categorized as non-drinkers, social drinkers, or daily drinkers, as well as by the number of drinks consumed per week. Competing risks analysis was used to calculate the cumulative incidence of live birth after 6 cycles stratified by alcohol consumption.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Main outcome measures included spontaneous abortion, clinical pregnancy, and live birth following IVF.

RESULTS:

There were 591 (27.7%) non-drinkers, 1466 (68.7%) social drinkers, and 77 (3.6%) daily drinkers (total n = 2134). In the first cycle, compared to non-drinkers, daily drinkers had a twofold increased risk of spontaneous abortion (adjusted risk ratio [aRR] 2.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1-4.5) among all cycle starts, and while their risk of live birth was 30% lower (aRR 0.7; 95% CI 0.4-1.3), the sample size was small, and it was not significantly lower. By the end of 6 cycles, social drinkers and daily drinkers did not differ from non-drinkers in their cumulative incidence of live birth (56.1, 50.6, and 52.1%, respectively; both P ≥ 0.28).

CONCLUSION:

There was a trend towards lower risk of live birth among daily drinkers. Daily drinkers had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion in the first cycle, but the number of daily drinkers was small.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Cumulative live birth; IVF; In vitro fertilization

PMID:
28429137
PMCID:
PMC5476540
DOI:
10.1007/s10815-017-0923-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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