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World Neurosurg. 2017 Jul;103:404-409. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.04.031. Epub 2017 Apr 17.

Comparative Study Between Cobalt Chrome and Titanium Alloy Rods for Multilevel Spinal Fusion: Proximal Junctional Kyphosis More Frequently Occurred in Patients Having Cobalt Chrome Rods.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, South Korea.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, South Korea. Electronic address: hyunsj@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The use of titanium alloy (Ti) rods is frequently associated with rod fracture after spinal fixation. To address this issue, cobalt chrome (CoCr) rods, which are advantageous because of their greater strength and resistance to fatigue relative to Ti rods, have been introduced. The purpose of the present study was to compare radiographic outcomes after the use of Ti versus CoCr rods in a matched cohort of patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion for treatment of spinal instability.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed data from patients who had undergone spinal fusion involving more than 3 levels at a single institution between 2004 and 2015. Patients were matched for age, diagnosis, 3-column osteotomy, levels fused, and T score. Fifty patients with Ti rods were identified and appropriately matched to 50 consecutive patients with CoCr rods.

RESULTS:

The distributions of age at surgery, sex, diagnosis, 3-column osteotomy, levels fused, number of patients with previous surgical procedures, and T score did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. However, there were significant differences in length of follow-up (CoCr, 25.0 vs. Ti, 28.5 months; P < 0.001), fusion rate (CoCr, 45 [90%] vs. Ti, 33 [66%]; P = 0.004), occurrence of rod breakage (CoCr, 0 vs. T, 8 [16%]; P = 0.006), and junctional kyphosis (CoCr, 24 [46%] vs. Ti, 9 [18%]; P = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings indicate that the use of CoCr rods is effective in ensuring stability of the posterior spinal construct and accomplishment of spinal fusion. Furthermore, our results indicate that junctional kyphosis may occur more frequently in CoCr systems than in Ti systems.

KEYWORDS:

Cobalt chrome; Fracture; Junctional kyphosis; Rod; Titanium alloy

PMID:
28427980
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2017.04.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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