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J Bone Miner Res. 2017 Aug;32(8):1681-1691. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.3158. Epub 2017 May 26.

Periarticular Bone Loss in Arthritis Is Induced by Autoantibodies Against Citrullinated Vimentin.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine 3 and Institute for Clinical Immunology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) and University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.
2
Orgentec Diagnostika, Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

Periarticular bone loss is a long known but yet insufficiently understood phenomenon in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This study investigated whether autoimmunity against citrullinated proteins is causally involved in triggering periarticular bone loss. Periarticular bone loss was studied in the standard antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) mouse model with methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) as well as a modified model with mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV) alone or in combination with mBSA. Periarticular bone loss, subchondral osteoclastogenesis, as well as local expression of cytokines, osteoclast genes, and peptidyl-arginine deiminase (PAD) enzymes were assessed after arthritis induction. Immune cell and osteoclast precursor infiltration were detected in the periarticular bone marrow and local lymph nodes. In addition, periarticular bone loss was assessed upon challenge of mice with purified anti-MCV antibody. Despite inducing a milder form of arthritis than mBSA, MCV triggered significant periarticular bone loss associated with an increased infiltration of osteoclast precursors and mature osteoclasts in the periarticular bone marrow. MCV enhanced the expression of the osteoclast inducers RANKL and M-CSF, the cytokines IL-8, IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α, as well as PAD2 and PAD4 enzymes in the periarticular bone marrow. Furthermore, also anti-MCV antibody challenge induced significant periarticular bone loss and local osteoclastogenesis in the mice. Autoimmunity against citrullinated vimentin triggers periarticular bone loss by osteoclast activation in the bone marrow. These findings may explain why periarticular bone loss is already found very early in the disease course of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

KEYWORDS:

AUTOANTIBODIES; CITRULLINATED PROTEINS; OSTEOCLASTS; PERIARTICULAR BONE LOSS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

PMID:
28425620
DOI:
10.1002/jbmr.3158
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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