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Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2018 Apr;20(2):274-283. doi: 10.1080/17549507.2016.1276962. Epub 2017 Feb 8.

Validity, reliability and sensitivity of the NORLA-6: Naming and oral reading for language in aphasia 6-point scale.

Author information

1
a Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago , Chicago , IL , USA.
2
b Northwestern University , Feinberg School of Medicine , Chicago , IL , USA , and.
3
c University of Northern Iowa , Cedar Falls , IA , USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Evaluation of the Naming and Oral Reading for Language in Aphasia 6-point scale (NORLA-6), a scoring system of oral reading and naming performance in aphasia.

METHOD:

Data were drawn from 91 participants with non-fluent aphasia secondary to left-hemisphere stroke across four treatment studies. To assess validity, Spearman's correlations were calculated between the NORLA-6 and the Gray Oral Reading Test-Fourth Edition (GORT-4) Accuracy score, GORT-4 Rate score and the Boston Naming Test (BNT). Inter-rater and test-retest reliability were evaluated using correlations. Sensitivity to change following oral reading intervention was analysed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank tests between pre- and post-treatment NORLA-6 scores.

RESULT:

NORLA-6 performance was significantly correlated (p < 0.001) with all reference tests (GORT-4 Accuracy, rs=0.84; GORT-4 Rate, rs= 0.61; and BNT, rs= 0.92). Inter-rater (ICC ≥0.90) and test-retest (r > 0.92) reliability were both excellent. Sensitivity following oral reading intervention was demonstrated in both oral reading accuracy and rate (p < 0.004).

CONCLUSION:

The NORLA-6 is a valid and reliable measure of oral reading and naming performance. It also demonstrates sensitivity to change in treatment-targeted behaviours. Therefore, the NORLA-6 scale may enhance outcome measurement in both clinical practice and aphasia research.

KEYWORDS:

Aphasia; assessment; oral reading; outcomes; reliability; validity

PMID:
28425326
PMCID:
PMC5711602
DOI:
10.1080/17549507.2016.1276962
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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