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Nutrients. 2017 Apr 14;9(4). pii: E384. doi: 10.3390/nu9040384.

The Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight, Nutrient Intake, and Metabolic Measures among Participants with Metabolic Syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Key Laboratory of Arrhythmias, Ministry of Education, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China. zhangxiaoyi@tongji.edu.cn.
2
Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. zhangxiaoyi@tongji.edu.cn.
3
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. lcordeiro@nutrition.umass.edu.
4
Massachusetts Supranational TB Reference Laboratory, Commonwealth Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. jinghua.liu@umassmed.edu.
5
Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. Yunsheng.Ma@umassmed.edu.

Abstract

The effect of skipping breakfast on health, especially in adults, remains a controversial topic. A secondary data analysis was conducted to examine associations between breakfast eating patterns and weight loss, nutrient intake, and metabolic parameters among participants with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (n = 240). Three randomly selected 24-h dietary recalls were collected from each participant at baseline and at the one-year visit. Skipped breakfast was seen in 32.9% at baseline and in 17.4% at the one-year visit, respectively. At baseline, after adjustment for demographics and physical activity, participants who ate breakfast had a higher thiamin, niacin, and folate intake than did breakfast skippers (p < 0.05); other selected parameters including body weight, dietary quality scores, nutrient intake, and metabolic parameters showed no significant differences between the two groups (p ≥ 0.05). From baseline to one year, after adjustment for covariates, mean fat intake increased by 2.7% (95% confidence intervals (CI): -1.0, 6.5%) of total energy in breakfast skippers in comparison to the 1.2% decrease observed in breakfast eaters (95% CI: -3.4, 1.1%) (p = 0.02). Mean changes in other selected parameters showed no significant differences between breakfast skippers and eaters (p > 0.05). This study did not support the hypothesis that skipping breakfast has impact on body weight, nutrient intakes, and selected metabolic measures in participants with MetS.

KEYWORDS:

breakfast skipping; metabolic syndrome; nutrient intake; weight loss

PMID:
28420112
PMCID:
PMC5409723
DOI:
10.3390/nu9040384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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