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Biochemistry. 1988 May 17;27(10):3701-8.

Isolation, cloning, and sequencing of the Salmonella typhimurium ddlA gene with purification and characterization of its product, D-alanine:D-alanine ligase (ADP forming).

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Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


A gene coding for D-alanine:D-alanine (D-Ala-D-Ala) ligase (ADP forming) (EC activity has been isolated from a lambda library of Salmonella typhimurium DNA. Insertion mutations in the gene indicate that the gene is not essential for growth of the bacterium. The encoded enzyme was purified from an overproducing strain of S. typhimurium. D-Ala-D-Ala ligase is a protein of 39,271 molecular weight and has a kcat of 644 min-1 at pH 7.2. A 2.4-kilobase SalI-SphI fragment containing the gene was sequenced, and the ddlA gene consists of 1092 nucleotides. The gene sequence was compared to the sequence of the ddl gene of Escherichia coli [Robinson, A. C., Kenan, D. J., Sweeney, J., & Donachie, W. D. (1986) J. Bacteriol. 167, 809-817]. Because of differences between the S. typhimurium gene and the E. coli ddl gene, the S. typhimurium gene has been named ddlA.

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