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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988 Aug 15;154(3):1287-92.

Inhibition by iodide of iodide binding to proteins: the "Wolff-Chaikoff" effect is caused by inhibition of H2O2 generation.

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Institute of Interdisciplinary Research, School of Medicine, University of Brussels, Belgium.


H2O2 generation is limiting the oxidation and binding to proteins of iodide. In dog thyroid slices thyrotropin and carbamylcholine greatly enhance protein iodination and H2O2 generation. The action of thyrotropin is mimicked by dibutyryl cyclic AMP and forskolin which suggests that it is mediated by cyclic AMP. The action of carbamylcholine was mimicked by ionomycin and by phorbol myristate ester. This suggests that the effect of carbamylcholine is mediated by the two intracellular signals generated by the Ca++ phosphatidylinositol cascade: Ca++ and diacylglycerol. The Wolff-Chaikoff effect is the inhibition by iodide of its own organification. In dog thyroid slices, iodide greatly inhibited H2O2 generation stimulated by thyrotropin and by carbamylcholine. Iodide decreased the production of intracellular signals induced by TSH and carbamylcholine but it also inhibited the action of probes of these intracellular signals (dibutyryl cAMP, forskolin, ionomycin, phorbol-myristate ester) on the H2O2 generating system itself. These effects were suppressed by methimazole an inhibitor of iodide oxidation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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