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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2017 Jul;14(7):414-418. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2016.2250. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Evaluation of Selective-Enrichment and Chromogenic Media for Salmonella Detection in Raw Shell Egg Contents with a Low Microbial Load.

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KU Center for One Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.


The current study was conducted to evaluate the ability to recover Salmonella from shell egg contents by culture methods. A total of 4,000 eggs were obtained from a grading and packing center located in the Gyeonggi Province of South Korea, and 200 samples were created by pooling 20 broken eggs. The pooled samples were held at room temperature for 4 d before a 25-mL aliquot of each pool was added to 225 mL of modified trypticase soy broth (mTSB) and incubated at 35°C for 24 ± 2 h. A loopful of the culture was streaked onto chromogenic Druggan-Forsythe-Iversen (DFI) agar and incubated at 36 ± 1°C for 18-24 h. In addition, 1 mL and/or 0.1 mL of the mTSB cultures were added to 10 mL of Muller-Kauffmann tetrathionate with novobiocin (MKTTn) or Rappaport-Vassiliadis (RV) broth, and they were incubated for 24 ± 2 h at 35 ± 2°C or 42 ± 0.2°C, respectively. A loopful from these cultures was streaked onto Brilliant Green (BG), xylose lysine deoxycholate (XLD), and bismuth sulfite (BS) agar plates, respectively. Directly streaking onto DFI agar revealed the presence of Salmonella in 14 out of the 200 pooled samples (7%); whereas the combination of RV medium and BG, XLD, and BS agar detected the pathogen in only 9 (4.5%), 7 (3.5%), and 3 (1.5%) of the pooled samples, respectively. When MKTTn broth was used, Salmonella was detected in 7 (3.5%), 2 (1%), and 0 (0%) of the samples when streaked onto BG, XLD, and BS agar, respectively. The results indicate that direct plating onto DFI agar without enrichment was the most suitable among the methods evaluated in this study for detecting Salmonella in raw shell egg contents with a low microbial load.


Druggan–Forsythe–Iversen agar; Salmonella; chromogenic media; selective enrichment; shell egg

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