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J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2017 May 24;60(5):1211-1222. doi: 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0035.

Anxiety in 11-Year-Old Children Who Stutter: Findings From a Prospective Longitudinal Community Sample.

Author information

1
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, AustraliaDepartment of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
2
Australian Stuttering Research Centre, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe NSW, AustraliaDepartment of Psychology, Macquarie University, North Ryde NSW, Australia.
3
Australian Stuttering Research Centre, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe NSW, Australia.
4
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, AustraliaDepartment of Audiology and Speech Pathology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
5
Speech Language Therapy, Institute of Education, Massey University, Albany, New Zealand.
6
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, AustraliaDepartment of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Victoria, AustraliaMenzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Southport, Australia.

Erratum in

Abstract

Purpose:

To examine if a community sample of 11-year-old children with persistent stuttering have higher anxiety than children who have recovered from stuttering and nonstuttering controls.

Method:

Participants in a community cohort study were categorized into 3 groups: (a) those with persistent stuttering, (b) those with recovered stuttering, and (c) nonstuttering controls. Linear regression modeling compared outcomes on measures of child anxiety and emotional and behavioral functioning for the 3 groups.

Results:

Without adjustment for covariates (unadjusted analyses), the group with persistent stuttering showed significantly increased anxiety compared with the recovered stuttering group and nonstuttering controls. The group with persistent stuttering had a higher number of children with autism spectrum disorder and/or learning difficulties. Once these variables were included as covariates in subsequent analysis, there was no difference in anxiety, emotional and behavioral functioning, or temperament among groups.

Conclusion:

Although recognized to be associated with stuttering in clinical samples, anxiety was not higher in school-age children who stutter in a community cohort. It may be that anxiety develops later or is less marked in community cohorts compared with clinical samples. We did, however, observe higher anxiety scores in those children who stuttered and had autism spectrum disorder or learning difficulties. Implications and recommendations for research are discussed.

PMID:
28418529
DOI:
10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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