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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 May 27;487(2):375-380. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.04.069. Epub 2017 Apr 14.

Human GRP78 affinity towards its signaling partners Ire1α and PERK is differently modulated by an unfolded protein client.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Immunoregulation, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, CEP 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: strazvan@usp.br.
2
Laboratory of Molecular Immunoregulation, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, CEP 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil.
3
Laboratory of Molecular Immunoregulation, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, CEP 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: mmcamar@usp.br.

Abstract

Protein-folding stress is characteristic of specialized secretory cells and plays a dominant role in a multitude of diseases. The unfolded protein response (UPR) thus triggered is a proteostatic signaling network that adapts the protein-folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum to the cellular demands. We have measured the binding affinities between human GRP78, an essential chaperone located in ER, and two transmembrane UPR sensors (human PERK and Ire1α), with or without the addition of an unfolded protein client. We reveal distinct binding affinities between the binary and ternary complexes thus formed, that suggest a preference for the PERK signaling branch under stress, and a predilection for the GRP78-UPR sensor complex formation upon stressor removal. These results imply a gated UPR mechanism that tunes the overall cellular behavior to the accumulation of unfolded proteins.

KEYWORDS:

Calorimetry; GRP78; Protein folding; Unfolded protein response

PMID:
28416388
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.04.069
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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