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J Int Med Res. 2017 Apr;45(2):407-438. doi: 10.1177/0300060517693423. Epub 2017 Mar 16.

The role of oxidative stress, inflammation and acetaminophen exposure from birth to early childhood in the induction of autism.

Author information

1
1 Departments of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC USA.
2
2 Departments of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC USA.
3
3 Departments of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA.
4
4 Departments of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA.
5
5 Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.

Abstract

The wide range of factors associated with the induction of autism is invariably linked with either inflammation or oxidative stress, and sometimes both. The use of acetaminophen in babies and young children may be much more strongly associated with autism than its use during pregnancy, perhaps because of well-known deficiencies in the metabolic breakdown of pharmaceuticals during early development. Thus, one explanation for the increased prevalence of autism is that increased exposure to acetaminophen, exacerbated by inflammation and oxidative stress, is neurotoxic in babies and small children. This view mandates extreme urgency in probing the long-term effects of acetaminophen use in babies and the possibility that many cases of infantile autism may actually be induced by acetaminophen exposure shortly after birth.

KEYWORDS:

Autism; acetaminophen; inflammation; oxidative stress; paracetamol; paracetamolo

PMID:
28415925
PMCID:
PMC5536672
DOI:
10.1177/0300060517693423
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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