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No Shinkei Geka. 2017 Apr;45(4):339-344. doi: 10.11477/mf.1436203506.

[A Case of Slowly Progressive Brain Metastasis with Minor Bleeding after Removal of and Chemotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Sixth grade student of Nagasaki University School of Medicine.

Abstract

Of all brain metastases, the most common primary lesion is derived from the lung. These types of metastases enlarge aggressively with unfavorable prognoses. We report the case of a 75-year-old male patient who had a history of pulmonary resection for Stage IA non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC), and received chemotherapy. One year after NSCLC surgery, he experienced a cardiogenic cerebral infarction, and anticoagulant therapy was initiated. Mass lesions with hemorrhage were detected bilaterally in the frontal lobes through magnetic resonance imaging three years after the NSCLC surgery. The lesions slowly enlarged during follow-up. However, there were no clinical symptoms. There was no finding indicating a local recurrence or metastasis through positron emission tomography(PET). Two and a half years after the detection of the lesion, left hemiplegia was observed. Massive hemorrhage from the right frontal lobe lesion was observed on computed tomography(CT). Craniotomy and evacuation of the hematoma were performed. The histopathological findings showed adenocarcinoma and the diagnosis was brain metastasis of the lung cancer. This case reveals brain metastasis of lung cancer that progressed without extracranial metastases for three years. The brain tumor enlarged, accompanied by hemorrhage, extremely slowly without any symptoms. It was difficult to differentiate between metastasis and cavernous hemangioma, considering the extremely slow progress and image analyses. Of the reported prognostic factors associated with postoperative brain metastasis from surgically resected NSCLC, three factors were applicable to this case:adenocarcinoma, a small number of brain metastases, and the absence of extracranial metastases at the diagnosis of brain metastasis. We should consider the possibility of a metastatic brain tumor secondary to lung cancer even long after thoracic surgery.

PMID:
28415059
DOI:
10.11477/mf.1436203506
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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