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Gene. 1988 Apr 29;64(2):277-84.

Cloning and expression of the calmodulin-sensitive Bacillus anthracis adenylate cyclase in Escherichia coli.

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Unité des Antigènes Bactériens, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


The adenylate cyclase gene of Bacillus anthracis, encoding the edema factor, a component of anthrax toxin, has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Clones were selected by their capacity to complement the cyclase deficiency (cya-) of an E. coli strain expressing the eukaryotic protein calmodulin, an essential activator of B. anthracis adenylate cyclase. The protein expressed in E. coli was shown to exhibit adenylate cyclase activity only in the presence of calmodulin. Experiments using a coupled in vitro transcription-translation system revealed that the protein synthesized from the cloned DNA fragment was enzymatically active, upon addition of calmodulin, and could be immunoprecipitated by antibodies directed against purified Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin. This indicates that the two calmodulin-dependent adenylate cyclase toxins are immunologically related.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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