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Cardiol Clin. 2017 May;35(2):197-212. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2016.12.002.

The Effects of Dietary Factors on Blood Pressure.

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Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, 2024 East Monument Street, Suite 2-642, Baltimore, MD 21205-2223, USA. Electronic address:


Evidence supports that multiple dietary factors affect blood pressure (BP). Dietary changes that effectively lower BP are weight loss, reduced sodium intake, increased potassium intake, moderation of alcohol intake, and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-style and vegetarian dietary patterns. In view of the increasing levels of BP in children and adults and the continuing epidemic of BP-related cardiovascular and renal diseases, efforts to reduce BP in both nonhypertensive and hypertensive individuals are warranted. The challenge to health care providers, researchers, government officials, and the general public is developing and implementing clinical and public health strategies that lead to sustained dietary changes.


Blood pressure; Cardiovascular disease; Dietary factors; Hypertension; Renal disease

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