Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Leuk Lymphoma. 2017 Dec;58(12):2852-2858. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2017.1312665. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Daptomycin nonsusceptible vancomycin resistant Enterococcus bloodstream infections in patients with hematological malignancies: risk factors and outcomes.

Author information

1
a Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine , University of Michigan Health System , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.
2
b Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.
3
c Pharmacy Department , University of Michigan Health System, University of Michigan College of Pharmacy , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.

Abstract

Daptomycin is typically the treatment of choice for vancomycin resistant Enterococcus (VRE) bloodstream infections (BSI) in patients with hematological malignancies, but increasingly daptomycin nonsusceptible VRE are being reported. We reviewed our experience with daptomycin nonsusceptible VRE BSI among patients with hematological malignancies. We compared risk factors and outcomes of 20 patients with daptomycin nonsusceptible VRE BSI (case patients) with 40 matched control patients with daptomycin susceptible VRE BSI. Case patients had more complications (6/20 vs. 2/40, p = .013); all-cause mortality was similar in both groups. By multivariable analysis, only prior daptomycin exposure within 90 days was significantly associated with daptomycin nonsusceptible VRE BSI (odds ratio 26.71; p < .0001). In 25% of case patients, all of whose VRE isolates had an initial minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 4 μg/mL, nonsusceptibility developed during treatment, raising the question of whether higher doses of daptomycin should be used for VRE BSI in hematology patients.

KEYWORDS:

Vancomycin resistant Enterococcus; daptomycin; daptomycin nonsuceptible enterococci; hematological malignancy; hematopoietic cell transplant

PMID:
28402152
DOI:
10.1080/10428194.2017.1312665
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center