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Open Rheumatol J. 2017 Jan 31;11:10-15. doi: 10.2174/1874312901711010010. eCollection 2017.

Evaluation of Autoantibodies in Patients with Primary and Secondary Sjogren's Syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.
2
Laboratory Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium and Department of Microbiology and Immunology KU Leuven, Belgium.
3
Immco Diagnostics / Trinity Biotech, Buffalo, NY, USA.
4
Division of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology, SUNY at Buffalo School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY, USA.
5
Immco Diagnostics / Trinity Biotech, Buffalo, NY, USA; Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, SUNY at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antibodies to salivary gland protein 1 (SP1), carbonic anhydrase 6 (CA6) and parotid secretory protein (PSP) were discovered in an animal model of Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Their expression was noted in patients with SS, especially those with lower focus scores on lip biopsies and those with early disease lacking antibodies to Ro and La.

OBJECTIVE:

The current studies evaluated these autoantibodies in patients with long-standing SS expressing high levels of anti-Ro antibodies and in patients with Sjogren's syndrome secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD).

METHOD:

Sera were obtained from patients and evaluated by ELISA for IgG, IgA and IgM antibodies to SP1, CA6 and PSP.

RESULTS:

IgA anti-CA6 antibodies were noted in 38% of these patients, but anti-SP1, CA6 and PSP IgM or IgG antibodies were identified only in a minority of patients. In patients with secondary SS, antibodies to SP1/CA6/PSP were more sensitive and specific than anti-Ro .

CONCLUSION:

While more studies are needed, antibodies to SP1, CA6 and PSP provide valuable markers for the diagnosis of primary and secondary SS, especially early in the course of the disease.

KEYWORDS:

MCTD; SLE; Sjogren’s syndrome; Systemic Sclerosis

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