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Scand J Dent Res. 1988 Jun;96(3):209-11.

Microradiographic study of demineralization of shark enamel in a human caries model.

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Department of Pedodontics and Caries Prophylaxis, Dental Faculty, University of Oslo, Norway.


The aim of the present study was to compare the resistance of fluoroapatite (shark enamel) and hydroxyapatite (human enamel) against a high caries challenge in a human in vivo model. Two samples of shark enamel and human enamel were each placed in removable appliances in six children and carried for 1 month and a plaque retentive device was placed over each enamel sample. The results showed that the mean total mineral loss (delta Z) was 1680 vol% micron in human enamel and 965 vol% micron in shark enamel. The corresponding mean values for lesion depth were 90 micron and 36 micron, respectively. It is concluded that even shark enamel containing 30,000 ppm F has a limited resistance against caries attacks.

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