Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Clin Pathol. 2017 May 1;147(5):461-472. doi: 10.1093/ajcp/aqx014.

Systematic Evaluation of Endothelin 1 Measurement Relative to Traditional and Modern Biomarkers for Clinical Assessment and Prognosis in Patients With Chronic Systolic Heart Failure: Serial Measurement and Multimarker Testing.

Author information

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
Baim Institute for Clinical Research, Boston, MA.



To define the role of single or serial measurement of endothelin 1 (ET-1) for prognostication beyond traditional and modern markers of risk in heart failure (HF).


In total, 115 patients with chronic systolic HF were followed for 10 months. Clinical assessment and ET-1, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), highly sensitive troponin I (hsTnI), soluble ST2 (sST2), and galectin 3 were measured at each visit.


Elevated ET-1 was associated with worse HF, lower right ventricular function, higher pulmonary pressure, and higher left atrial volume index despite similar left ventricular function. ET-1 correlated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use. A model containing traditional risk factors, ET-1, NT-proBNP, hsTnI, and sST2 best predicted cardiovascular events, and ET-1 improved reclassification. In an adjusted time-integrated model, percent time spent with ET-1 of 5.90 pg/mL or less was predictive of fewer cardiovascular events (odds ratio, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.62-0.91). ET-1 reduction over time was associated with a lower rate of cardiovascular events compared with increasing or stable ET-1 (24.4% vs 50.0%).


ET-1 may be a unique predictor of HF prognosis, complementing other biomarkers in a multimarker profile. Serial measurement of ET-1 may provide additional prognostic information.


Endothelin; Heart failure; Monitoring; Multimarker panel; Prognosis; Systolic

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center