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Curr Med Chem. 2019;26(2):259-269. doi: 10.2174/0929867324666170406112304.

Biosimilars for the Management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Economic Considerations.

Author information

1
Department of Health Economics, Corvinus University of Budapest, Fovam ter 8., H-1093 Budapest, Hungary.
2
CERGE-EI Fellow, Semmelweis University, Korányi S. 2/A, H-1083 Budapest, Hungary.
3
First Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Koranyi S. 2/A, H-1083 Budapest, Hungary.
4
IBD Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Milan, Italy.
5
Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Nancy, Allee du Morvan, 54511 Vandoeuvre-l`s-Nancy, France.

Abstract

Biological drugs revolutionized the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. However, not all clinically eligible patients have access to biologicals due to significant costs and budget impact. Biosimilars are highly comparable to their originator product in terms of clinical efficacy and safety. Biosimilars are priced 15-75% lower than their reference product, which makes them a less costly alternative and is expected to offer better patients access to biologicals. The total projected cost savings are significant. If the achieved budget savings were used to cover more biological therapy, several additional IBD patients could be treated. Currently, the main barriers to the increasing uptake of biosimilars are the few incentives of the key stakeholders, while physicians' and patients' skepticism towards biosimilars seems to be changing. Over the coming years, biosimilars are expected to gain a growing importance in the treatment of IBD, contributing to a better access to treatment, improving population-level health gain and sustainability of health systems. This review summarizes the results of the literature on the economic considerations of biosimilars in IBD and the role of biosimilar infliximab in the treatment of IBD.

KEYWORDS:

Biosimilars; Crohn's disease; access to health services; budget impact; cost-effectiveness; healthcare costs; inflammatory bowel diseases; ulcerative colitis.

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