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J Clin Lab Anal. 2018 Jan;32(1). doi: 10.1002/jcla.22178. Epub 2017 Apr 10.

Prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia during routine physical examination in Guangxi Province, China and related risk factors.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.
2
Department of Medical Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies on homocysteine (Hcy) have mainly focused on the correlation between the homocysteine concentration and disease development. Few epidemiological investigations have been performed. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) during routine physical examination in Guangxi Province, China and the correlation of serum Hcy with gender, age, serum uric acid (UA), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and blood glucose (GLU) to provide evidence for preventing and treating HHcy.

METHODS:

Data of 8043 patients who underwent physical examinations at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, China from 2015 to 2016 were collected. These data included gender, age, and the serum Hcy, UA, GLU, TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C concentrations.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of HHcy was 50.8% (52.3% in males, 48.1% in females). Age, UA, TC, TG, and LDL-C were significantly higher and HDL-C was significantly lower in patients with than without HHcy, regardless of gender (all P<.05). The Hcy level was positively correlated with UA, TC, TG, and LDL-C but negatively correlated with HDL-C. Gender, age, UA, TC, and TG were independent risk factors for HHcy.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of HHcy was very high during routine physical examination in Guangxi Province, China. HHcy was related to gender, age, high concentrations of UA, TC, TG, and LDL-C; and low concentrations of HDL-C. Strengthening early intervention of HHcy can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

KEYWORDS:

blood glucose; blood lipid; homocysteine; hyperhomocysteinemia; uric acid

PMID:
28393395
DOI:
10.1002/jcla.22178
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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