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Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2017 Jun 1;65(6):524-529. doi: 10.1248/cpb.c16-00866. Epub 2017 Apr 8.

Bioequivalence and Pharmacokinetic Profiles of Agomelatine 25-mg Tablets in Healthy Chinese Subjects: A Four-Way Replicate Crossover Study Demonstrating High Intra- and Inter-Individual Variations.

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Phase I Clinical Unit, China-Frontage USA, The First Hospital of Jilin University.
Department of Neurology, The First Hospital of Jilin University.
Department of Geriatrics, The First Hospital of Jilin University.
The Second Hospital of Jilin.
Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Second Hospital of Jilin.
Department of Hepatology, The First Hospital of Jilin University.


The present study was designed to assess the bioequivalence of two agomelatine formulations (25-mg tablets) in healthy Chinese male subjects. This single-dose, open-label, randomized, four-way replicate study with a 1-week washout period was conducted in 60 healthy Chinese male volunteers under fasting conditions. Blood samples were collected over a 12-h period after a single dose of the 25-mg agomelatine test (T) formulation or a reference (R) formulation, and the drug concentrations were assayed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using a non-compartmental model. Bioequivalence between the formulations was assessed. Tolerability and safety were monitored by physical examination, electrocardiogram (12-lead ECG), clinical laboratory tests, and adverse events (AEs). A total of 56 out of 60 subjects completed the study. No AEs were observed. The values of maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), maximum concentration (Tmax), area under curve (AUC)0-t and t1/2 were 12.032 ng/mL, 0.658 h, 12.637 ng·h/mL, and 0.813 h, respectively, for the test formulation, and 10.891 ng/mL, 0.709 h, 11.572 ng·h/mL, and 0.96 h, respectively, for the reference formulation. The intra-individual variability of Cmax and AUC0-t were 78.3 and 61.8%, respectively. The inter-individual coefficients of variance (CVs) of Cmax and AUC0-t were approximately 100%. The 90% confidence intervals for the ratio of means for the log-transformed Cmax (97.7-124.9%), AUC0-t (98.2-118%), and AUC0-∞ (97.8-117.2%) were within the guideline range of bioequivalence (80-125%). The test and reference formulations of agomelatine met the regulatory criteria for bioequivalence of the Chinese Food and Drug Administration. Significant intra-individual and inter-individual variations were found.


agomelatine; bioequivalence; inter-individual variation; intra-individual; pharmacokinetic

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