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Psychol Health. 2018 Jan;33(1):144-157. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2017.1310863. Epub 2017 Apr 9.

Effects of daily maladaptive coping on nightly sleep in mothers.

Author information

1
a Department of Psychiatry , University of California , San Francisco , CA , USA.
2
b School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia , Vancouver , Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We examined effects of daily rumination and suppression in response to stressors on objective and subjective sleep among mothers.

DESIGN:

Participants were 183 mothers, including chronically stressed mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder (M-ASD; n = 92) and age-matched mothers of neurotypical children (M-NT; n = 91). In an intensive longitudinal design, participants provided reports of daily rumination and suppression, nightly objective actigraphy-defined sleep and nightly subjective sleep quality for seven consecutive days at baseline, 9 months and 18 months.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Total sleep time, sleep fragmentation, sleep onset latency, and subjective sleep quality.

RESULTS:

Among M-NT with above average depressive symptoms, higher daily rumination was associated with shorter total sleep time. Rumination was associated with more sleep fragmentation among M-NT at the trend level. Rumination was not associated with sleep onset latency among M-NT, or with any sleep outcomes among M-ASD. Suppression was not associated with any sleep outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

We provide novel evidence of the effect of rumination on objectively measured sleep duration among M-NT. Coping was not related to sleep among M-ASD. Given the prevalence of poor sleep among mothers, future work should examine modifiable factors perpetuating sleep disturbance.

KEYWORDS:

mothers; rumination; sleep fragmentation; sleep onset latency; sleep quality; suppression; total sleep time

PMID:
28391720
PMCID:
PMC5662476
[Available on 2019-01-01]
DOI:
10.1080/08870446.2017.1310863
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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