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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988 Jun 30;153(3):1201-8.

Synthesis of a new cell penetrating calpain inhibitor (calpeptin).

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Second Department of Surgery, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.


N-terminal of Leu-norleucinal or Leu-methioninal was modified to obtain a cell penetrative peptide inhibitor against calpain. Benzyloxycarbonyl (Z) derivatives had less active against papain than phenylbutyryl derivatives and leupeptin. Z-Leu-nLeu-H (calpeptin) was more sensitive to calpain I than Z-Leu-Met-H and leupeptin. Calpeptin was most potent among synthesized inhibitors in terms of preventing the Ca2+-ionophore induced degradation of actin binding protein and P235 in intact platelets. After 30 min incubation with intact platelets, calpeptin completely abolished calpain activity in platelets but no effect was observed in case of leupeptin. Calpeptin also inhibited 20K phosphorylation in platelets stimulated by thrombin, ionomycin or collagen. Thus calpeptin was found to be a useful cell-penetrative calpain inhibitor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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