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IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst. 2018 May;29(5):1747-1759. doi: 10.1109/TNNLS.2017.2669078. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Cluster Synchronization for Interacting Clusters of Nonidentical Nodes via Intermittent Pinning Control.


The cluster synchronization problem is investigated using intermittent pinning control for the interacting clusters of nonidentical nodes that may represent either general linear systems or nonlinear oscillators. These nodes communicate over general network topology, and the nodes from different clusters are governed by different self-dynamics. A unified convergence analysis is provided to analyze the synchronization via intermittent pinning controllers. It is observed that the nodes in different clusters synchronize to the given patterns if a directed spanning tree exists in the underlying topology of every extended cluster (which consists of the original cluster of nodes as well as their pinning node) and one algebraic condition holds. Structural conditions are then derived to guarantee such an algebraic condition. That is: 1) if the intracluster couplings are with sufficiently strong strength and the pinning controller is with sufficiently long execution time in every period, then the algebraic condition for general linear systems is warranted and 2) if every cluster is with the sufficiently strong intracluster coupling strength, then the pinning controller for nonlinear oscillators can have its execution time to be arbitrarily short. The lower bounds are explicitly derived both for these coupling strengths and the execution time of the pinning controller in every period. In addition, in regard to the above-mentioned structural conditions for nonlinear systems, an adaptive law is further introduced to adapt the intracluster coupling strength, such that the cluster synchronization for nonlinear systems is achieved.


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