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Acta Paediatr. 2017 Aug;106(8):1317-1322. doi: 10.1111/apa.13869. Epub 2017 May 11.

Observer variability identifying attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 10-year-old children born extremely preterm.

Author information

1
Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
2
The University of Chicago Medicine Comer Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.
3
University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
4
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
5
Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

A DSM-5 diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD) requires that symptoms be present in two settings. We wanted to see how teachers and parents compare on their assessments.

METHODS:

We evaluated how well Child Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4) reports from 871 parents and 634 teachers of 10-year-old children born before the 28th week of gestation provided information about indicators of school dysfunction.

RESULTS:

Kappa values for parent and teacher agreement of any ADHD were at best fair to poor (<0.41). Nevertheless, ADHD identified by each alone provided a moderate amount of information about such indicators of school dysfunction as grade repetition. Only occasionally did agreement provide more information than provided by only one reporter. Mother's social class and intelligence level did not discriminate between parents who did and did not agree with the teacher.

CONCLUSION:

ADHD identified by a single observer can provide appreciable information about a range of the child's functions needed for success in school and, therefore, should not be discounted when another observer does not consider the child to have ADHD symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/diagnosis; Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/epidemiology; Extremely premature; Follow-up studies; Infant; Surveys and questionnaires

PMID:
28390106
DOI:
10.1111/apa.13869
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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