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Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2017 Apr 7:1-27. doi: 10.1123/pes.2016-0234. [Epub ahead of print]

Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and the Risk of Overweight and Obesity in School Aged Children.

Author information

1
1 Health Promotion Research Centre, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland.
2
2 Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
3
3 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
4
4 School of Mathematical Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Globally, public health policies are targeting modifiable lifestyle behaviours. We explore the independent association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour on the risk of childhood overweight/obesity.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional survey of children aged 8-11 years (N=826). Objective body mass index was used to classify children as normal weight or overweight/obese. Children wore wrist-worn Geneactiv accelerometers for 7-days and thresholds were applied to categorise MVPA and sedentary time. Screen time (ST) was parent reported. Poisson regression examined the independent association of (1) MVPA, (2) objective sedentary time and (3) ST on the risk of overweight/obesity.

RESULTS:

Overall, 23.7% (95% CI, 20.8-26.6%) of children were overweight/obese. On average, children spent 10.8% of waking time at MVPA and 61.3% sedentary. One-fifth (22.1%, 95% CI, 19.3-25.0%) of children achieved MVPA recommendations (≥60 minutes each day) and 17.5% (95% CI, 14.9-20.1%) met ST recommendations (<2 hours per day). Time spent at MVPA was inversely associated with the risk of overweight/obese independent of total sedentary time. Total time spent sedentary was not associated with overweight/obese independent of MVPA. ST was associated with an increased risk of overweight/obese independent of physical activity.

CONCLUSION:

Few schoolchildren met physical activity and screen time recommendations suggesting population based measures are needed.

KEYWORDS:

child,; obesity; physical activity,; sedentary behaviour,

PMID:
28388271
DOI:
10.1123/pes.2016-0234
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