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Comp Migr Stud. 2017;5(1):9. doi: 10.1186/s40878-017-0052-4. Epub 2017 Mar 20.

The civic turn of immigrant integration policies in the Scandinavian welfare states.

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Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.


This special issue addresses the question of how to understand the civic turn within immigrant integration in the West towards programs and instruments, public discourses and political intentions, which aim to condition, incentivize, and shape through socialization immigrants into 'citizens'. Empirically, it focuses on the less studied Scandinavian cases of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. In this introduction, we situate the contributions to this special issue within the overall debate on civic integration and convergence. We introduce the three cases, critically discuss the (liberal) convergence thesis and its descriptive and explanatory claims, and explain why studying the Scandinavian welfare states can further our understanding of the nature of the civic turn and its driving forces. Before concluding, we discuss whether civic integration policies actually work.


Civic integration; Convergence; Immigrant integration; Public philosophy; Scandinavia

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