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Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp). 2017 Feb 27;7(1):37-45. doi: 10.1556/1886.2016.00040. eCollection 2017 Mar.

Propionibacterium Acnes Phylogenetic Type III is Associated with Progressive Macular Hypomelanosis.

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1
Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University , Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract

Progressive macular hypomelanosis (PMH) is a skin disorder that is characterized by hypopigmented macules and usually seen in young adults. The skin microbiota, in particular the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, is suggested to play a role. Here, we compared the P. acnes population of 24 PMH lesions from eight patients with corresponding nonlesional skin of the patients and matching control samples from eight healthy individuals using an unbiased, culture-independent next-generation sequencing approach. We also compared the P. acnes population before and after treatment with a combination of lymecycline and benzoylperoxide. We found an association of one subtype of P. acnes, type III, with PMH. This type was predominant in all PMH lesions (73.9% of reads in average) but only detected as a minor proportion in matching control samples of healthy individuals (14.2% of reads in average). Strikingly, successful PMH treatment is able to alter the composition of the P. acnes population by substantially diminishing the proportion of P. acnes type III. Our study suggests that P. acnes type III may play a role in the formation of PMH. Furthermore, it sheds light on substantial differences in the P. acnes phylotype distribution between the upper and lower back and abdomen in healthy individuals.

KEYWORDS:

Cutibacterium acnes; Propionibacterium acnes; next-generation sequencing; phylotype; progressive macular hypomelanosis; single locus sequencing type; skin microbiota; subtype III

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests The authors state no conflict of interest.

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