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J Sci Med Sport. 2017 Oct;20(10):943-951. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2017.03.004. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

Skeletal muscle functional and structural adaptations after eccentric overload flywheel resistance training: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, Spain. Electronic address: smaroi@unileon.es.
2
Department of Health Sciences, European University Miguel de Cervantes, Spain.
3
Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
4
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effect of flywheel (FW) resistance training with Eccentric Overload (FW-EOT) on muscle size and functional capacities (i.e. strength and power) in athletes and healthy subjects, and to compare FW-induced adaptations with those triggered by traditional resistance exercise interventions.

DESIGN:

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

METHODS:

A search of electronic databases [PubMed, MEDLINE (SportDiscus), Web of Science, Scopus and PEDro] was conducted to identify all publications employing FW-EOT up to April 30, 2016. Outcomes were analyzed as continuous outcomes using a random effects model to calculate a standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% CI. A total of 9 studies with 276 subjects and 92 effect sizes met the inclusion criteria and were included in the statistical analyses.

RESULTS:

The overall pooled estimate from the main effects analysis was 0.63 (95% CI 0.49-0.76) with a significant (p<0.001) Z overall effect of 9.17. No significant heterogeneity (p value=0.78) was found. The meta-analysis showed significant differences between FW-EOT vs. conventional resistance training in concentric and eccentric strength, muscle power, muscle hypertrophy, vertical jump height and running speed, favoring FW-EOT.

CONCLUSIONS:

This meta-analysis provides evidence supporting the superiority of FW-EOT, compared with traditional weight-stack exercise, to promote skeletal muscle adaptations in terms of strength, power and size in healthy subjects and athletes.

KEYWORDS:

Hypertrophy; Iso-inertial; Muscle power; Muscle strength

PMID:
28385560
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsams.2017.03.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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