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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Apr 11;69(14):1824-1838. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.01.048.

Myocardial Reparative Properties of Cardiac Mesenchymal Cells Isolated on the Basis of Adherence.

Author information

1
Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky; Diabetes and Obesity Center, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky. Electronic address: m0wyso01@louisville.edu.
2
Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky.
3
Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky; Diabetes and Obesity Center, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky. Electronic address: rbolli@louisville.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The authors previously reported that the c-kit-positive (c-kitPOS) cells isolated from slowly adhering (SA) but not from rapidly adhering (RA) fractions of cardiac mesenchymal cells (CMCs) are effective in preserving left ventricular (LV) function after myocardial infarction (MI).

OBJECTIVES:

This study evaluated whether adherence to plastic alone, without c-kit sorting, was sufficient to isolate reparative CMCs.

METHODS:

RA and SA CMCs were isolated from mouse hearts, expanded in vitro, characterized, and evaluated for therapeutic efficacy in mice subjected to MI.

RESULTS:

Morphological and phenotypic analysis revealed that murine RA and SA CMCs are indistinguishable; nevertheless, transcriptome analysis showed that they possess fundamentally different gene expression profiles related to factors that regulate post-MI LV remodeling and repair. A similar population of SA CMCs was isolated from porcine endomyocardial biopsy samples. In mice given CMCs 2 days after MI, LV ejection fraction 28 days later was significantly increased in the SA CMC group (31.2 ± 1.0% vs. 24.7 ± 2.2% in vehicle-treated mice; p < 0.05) but not in the RA CMC group (24.1 ± 1.2%). Histological analysis showed reduced collagen deposition in the noninfarcted region in mice given SA CMCs (7.6 ± 1.5% vs. 14.5 ± 2.8% in vehicle-treated mice; p < 0.05) but not RA CMCs (11.7 ± 1.7%), which was associated with reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells (14.1 ± 1.6% vs. 21.3 ± 1.5% of total cells in vehicle and 19.3 ± 1.8% in RA CMCs; p < 0.05). Engraftment of SA CMCs was negligible, which implies a paracrine mechanism of action.

CONCLUSIONS:

We identified a novel population of c-kit-negative reparative cardiac cells (SA CMCs) that can be isolated with a simple method based on adherence to plastic. SA CMCs exhibited robust reparative properties and offered numerous advantages, appearing to be more suitable than c-kitPOS cardiac progenitor cells for widespread clinical therapeutic application.

KEYWORDS:

fibrosis; inflammation; ischemic cardiomyopathy; myocardial infarction; repair

PMID:
28385312
PMCID:
PMC5628504
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2017.01.048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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