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Small. 2017 May;13(20). doi: 10.1002/smll.201603997. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Polyphenol-Inspired Facile Construction of Smart Assemblies for ATP- and pH-Responsive Tumor MR/Optical Imaging and Photothermal Therapy.

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The Key Lab of Analysis and Detection Technology for Food Safety of the MOE, State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, 350108, China.
Academy of Intergrative Medicine, Biomedical Research Center, Fujian University of Tranditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, 350122, China.
State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostic, Center for Molecular Imaging and Translational Medicine, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.


Smart assemblies have attracted increased interest in various areas, especially in developing novel stimuli-responsive theranostics. Herein, commercially available, natural tannic acid (TA) and iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 NPs) are utilized as models to construct smart magnetic assemblies based on polyphenol-inspired NPs-phenolic self-assembly between NPs and TA. Interestingly, the magnetic assemblies can be specially disassembled by adenosine triphosphate, which shows a stronger affinity to Fe3 O4 NPs than that of TA and partly replaces the surface coordinated TA. The disassembly can further be facilitated by the acidic environment hence causing the remarkable change of the transverse relaxivity and potent "turn-on" of fluorescence (FL) signals. Therefore, the assemblies for specific and sensitive tumor magnetic resonance and FL dual-modal imaging and photothermal therapy after intravenous injection of the assemblies are successfully employed. This work not only provides understandings on the self-assembly between NPs and polyphenols, but also will open new insights for facilely constructing versatile assemblies and extending their biomedical applications.


fluorescence; magnetic properties; photothermal therapy; self-assembly; stimuli-responsive


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