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Nervenarzt. 2017 Oct;88(10):1168-1176. doi: 10.1007/s00115-017-0322-2.

[Guideline conform diagnostics for dysphagia : A representative survey of speech therapists at certified stroke units in Germany].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Sana Klinikum Lichtenberg, Berlin, Deutschland. constanze.flader@gmail.com.
2
, Amalie-Sieveking-Weg 19, 68305, Mannheim, Deutschland. constanze.flader@gmail.com.
3
Schluckambulanz St. Johannes Krankenhaus, Troisdorf, Deutschland.
4
University of Applied Science, Zuyd University, Heerlen, Niederlande.
5
Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet für klinische Neuropsychologie des Kindes- und Jugendalters, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Deutschland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Almost 260,000 people in Germany suffer from a stroke each year. As a consequence, for more than 60% this leads to dysphagia. In order to prevent secondary diseases, such as pneumonia, malnutrition and dehydration, a differentiated diagnosis by a multiprofessional team in a stroke unit is required. The guidelines in 2015 for diagnosing neurologic dysphagia by the German Society of Neurology recommend a detailed anamnesis, a standardized screening, a clinical swallowing examination and additional instrumental diagnostics.

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined whether dysphagia is diagnosed by speech therapists at certified stroke units according to the recommended guidelines.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

An online questionnaire was compiled and sent to 1 speech therapist at each of the 195 certified stoke units and 112 participants responded to the questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of questions about anamnesis, clinical swallowing diagnostics and the instrumental diagnostics. Of the speech therapists working on a stroke unit 57% participated in this study.

RESULTS:

The results show that 50% of the participants elaborated a detailed and differentiated anamnesis, 64% used a standardized screening (Daniels test) and 66% implemented a guideline conform swallowing test. As technical instruments, 35% of the respondents used video fluoroscopy and 71% of the respondents a fiber endoscopy.

CONCLUSION:

The implementation of a detailed and differentiated anamnesis, standardized screening, and a clinical swallowing examination with testing of different food consistencies suggests a high quality of the dysphagia diagnostics at stroke units in Germany. The increasing availability of technical instruments, especially fiber endoscopy, substantiates this view.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnostics; Dysphagia; Guideline; Representative; Stroke unit

PMID:
28382486
DOI:
10.1007/s00115-017-0322-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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