Format

Send to

Choose Destination
HIV Med. 2017 Oct;18(9):667-676. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12507. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Mining for pairs: shared clinic visit dates identify steady HIV-positive partnerships.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
2
Institute of Medical Virology, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
3
Laboratory of Virology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.
4
Molecular Virology, Department of Biomedicine-Petersplatz, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
5
Division of Immunology and Allergy, University Hospital Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
6
Department of Infectious Diseases, Berne University Hospital and University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland.
7
Division of Infectious Diseases, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.
8
Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
9
Service of Infectious Diseases, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
10
Division of Infectious Diseases, Regional Hospital Lugano, Lugano, Switzerland.
11
Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, Cantonal Hospital, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Here we examined the hypothesis that some stable HIV-infected partnerships can be found in cohort studies, as the patients frequently attend the clinic visits together.

METHODS:

Using mathematical approximations and shuffling to derive the probabilities of sharing a given number of visits by chance, we identified and validated couples that may represent either transmission pairs or serosorting couples in a stable relationship.

RESULTS:

We analysed 434 432 visits for 16 139 Swiss HIV Cohort Study patients from 1990 to 2014. For 89 pairs, the number of shared visits exceeded the number expected. Of these, 33 transmission pairs were confirmed on the basis of three criteria: an extensive phylogenetic tree, a self-reported steady HIV-positive partnership, and risk group affiliation. Notably, 12 of the validated transmission pairs (36%; 12 of 33) were of a mixed ethnicity with a large median age gap [17.5 years; interquartile range (IQR) 11.8-22 years] and these patients harboured HIV-1 of predominantly non-B subtypes, suggesting imported infections.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the context of the surge in research interest in HIV transmission pairs, this simple method widens the horizons of research on within-pair quasi-species exchange, transmitted drug resistance and viral recombination at the biological level and targeted prevention at the public health level.

KEYWORDS:

HIV ; cohort studies; data mining; epidemiology; phylogeny; transmission

PMID:
28378387
DOI:
10.1111/hiv.12507
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center