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Clin Cancer Res. 2017 Aug 1;23(15):4027-4034. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-0272. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Phase Ib/II Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Combination Therapy with Multikinase VEGF Inhibitor Pazopanib and MEK Inhibitor Trametinib In Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma.

Author information

1
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. vsubbiah@mdanderson.org.
2
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
3
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
4
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
5
University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California.

Abstract

Purpose: Pazopanib, a multireceptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting primarily VEGFRs1-3, is approved for advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and renal cell cancer. Downstream of VEGFR, trametinib is an FDA-approved MEK inhibitor used for melanoma. We hypothesized that vertical pathway inhibition using trametinib would synergize with pazopanib in advanced STS.Experimental Design: In an open-label, multicenter, investigator-initiated National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-sponsored trial, patients with metastatic or advanced STS received pazopanib 800 mg and 2 mg of trametinib continuously for 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint was 4-month progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were overall survival, response rate, and disease control rate.Results: Twenty-five patients were enrolled. The median age was 49 years (range, 22-77 years) and 52% were male. Median PFS was 2.27 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.9-3.9], and the 4-month PFS rate was 21.1% (95% CI, 9.7-45.9), which was not an improvement over the hypothesized null 4-month PFS rate of 28.3% (P = 0.79). Median overall survival was 9.0 months (95% CI, 5.7-17.7). A partial response occurred in 2 (8%) of the evaluable patients (95% CI, 1.0-26.0), one with PIK3CA E542K-mutant embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and another with spindle cell sarcoma. The disease control rate was 14/25 (56%; 95% CI, 34.9-75.6). The most common adverse events were diarrhea (84%), nausea (64%), fatigue (56%), and hypertension (52%).Conclusions: The combination of pazopanib and trametinib was tolerable without indication of added activity of the combination in STS. Further study may be warranted in RAS/RAF aberrant sarcomas. Clin Cancer Res; 23(15); 4027-34. ©2017 AACR.

PMID:
28377484
PMCID:
PMC5754188
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-0272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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