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Am J Addict. 2017 Aug;26(5):477-485. doi: 10.1111/ajad.12531. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Learning from Latino voices: Focus Groups' Insights on Participation in Genetic Research.

Author information

1
Alcohol Research Group/Public Health Institute, Emeryville, California.
2
School of Social Work, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

There is a paucity of genetics research examining alcohol use among Latinos. The purpose of this study is to examine Latino perceptions of participation in alcohol studies that collect biological samples, an important precursor to increasing their participation in genetics research.

METHODS:

A synthesis of the literature addressing participation of racial/ethnic minorities in alcohol genetics research was undertaken. We developed a framework of themes related to barriers and facilitators for participation, which we then used to analyze two focus groups held with 18 Latino participants.

RESULTS:

From the literature review, we identified nine themes related to facilitators of and barriers to participation. They are, on continua: curiosity to disinterest; trust to mistrust; understanding to confusion; safety to danger; inclusion to exclusion; sense of connection to disconnection; hope to despair; ease to hassle; and benefit to cost. Another theme emerged from the focus groups: previous experience to no previous experience with health research.

CONCLUSIONS:

Applying the themes from the literature review to Latino perspectives on providing biological samples for alcohol research helps expand their definition and applicability. Consideration of these themes when designing recruitment/retention materials and strategies may encourage Latino participation in alcohol genetics research.

SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE:

An understanding of these themes and their significance for Latinos is offered in the form of "guiding questions" for researchers to consider as we strive for more inclusive research. Focus group participants were Mexican American; future research should further explore perspectives of this heterogeneous demographic group by studying other Latino subgroups. (Am J Addict 2017;26:477-485).

PMID:
28376266
PMCID:
PMC5529223
DOI:
10.1111/ajad.12531
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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