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World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Mar 21;23(11):2060-2067. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i11.2060.

Factors associated with residual gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in patients receiving proton pump inhibitor maintenance therapy.

Author information

1
Fumiaki Kawara, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Yoshinori Morita, Atsuhiro Masuda, Masaya Saito, Makoto Ooi, Tsukasa Ishida, Yasuyuki Kondo, Shiei Yoshida, Tatsuya Okuno, Yoshihiko Yano, Masaru Yoshida, Hiromu Kutsumi, Takanobu Hayakumo, Takeshi Azuma, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0017, Japan.

Abstract

AIM:

To elucidate the factors associated with residual gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms in patients receiving proton pump inhibitor (PPI) maintenance therapy in clinical practice.

METHODS:

The study included 39 GERD patients receiving maintenance PPI therapy. Residual symptoms were assessed using the Frequency Scale for Symptoms of GERD (FSSG) questionnaire and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS). The relationships between the FSSG score and patient background factors, including the CYP2C19 genotype, were analyzed.

RESULTS:

The FSSG scores ranged from 1 to 28 points (median score: 7.5 points), and 19 patients (48.7%) had a score of 8 points or more. The patients' GSRS scores were significantly correlated with their FSSG scores (correlation coefficient = 0.47, P < 0.005). In erosive esophagitis patients, the FSSG scores of the CYP2C19 rapid metabolizers (RMs) were significantly higher than the scores of the poor metabolizers and intermediate metabolizers (total scores: 16.7 ± 8.6 vs 7.8 ± 5.4, P < 0.05; acid reflux-related symptom scores: 12 ± 1.9 vs 2.5 ± 0.8, P < 0.005). In contrast, the FSSG scores of the CYP2C19 RMs in the non-erosive reflux disease patients were significantly lower than those of the other patients (total scores: 5.5 ± 1.0 vs 11.8 ± 6.3, P < 0.05; dysmotility symptom-related scores: 1.0 ± 0.4 vs 6.0 ± 0.8, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Approximately half of the GERD patients receiving maintenance PPI therapy had residual symptoms associated with a lower quality of life, and the CYP2C19 genotype appeared to be associated with these residual symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

CYP2C19; FSSG; Gastroesophageal reflux disease; Proton pump inhibitor; Residual symptoms

PMID:
28373773
PMCID:
PMC5360648
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v23.i11.2060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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