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J Infect Chemother. 2017 Jun;23(6):381-384. doi: 10.1016/j.jiac.2017.03.001. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

The additional role of Xpert MTB/RIF in the diagnosis of intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: mdyspark@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diagnosis of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB) lymphadenitis remains a challenge because of difficulties in obtaining adequate tissue and the lack of a sensitive test. Recently, Xpert MTB/RIF assay is being used for rapid diagnosis of pulmonary TB, but it has not yet been widely validated in intrathoracic TB lymphadenitis. The aim of this study was to assess the additional role of Xpert MTB/RIF in diagnosing intrathoracic TB lymphadenitis using endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) specimen.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients who underwent Xpert MTB/RIF assay using EBUS-TBNA specimen from January 2012 and November 2013 at a tertiary referral hospital were recruited. Among them, the cases with malignant lymph nodes were excluded.

RESULTS:

Among 73 patients, 13 (17.8%) cases were diagnosed with intrathoracic TB lymphadenitis. In detail, 10 patients were diagnosed using conventional methods only (histology or AFB culture) and 3 patients were additionally diagnosed when adding Xpert MTB/RIF assay. The median time to diagnosis using Xpert MTB/RIF (1 day) was shorter than conventional methods (3 days for histology, 14 days for AFB culture). Rifampin resistance was not detected in any patients.

CONCLUSION:

In patients with enlarged intrathoracic lymph nodes and low suspicion of malignancy, combination of conventional diagnostic methods with Xpert MTB/RIF could lead to additional and rapid diagnosis of intrathoracic TB lymphadenitis.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnosis; Lymphadenitis; Tuberculosis

PMID:
28372894
DOI:
10.1016/j.jiac.2017.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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