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Magn Reson Med. 2018 Jan;79(1):41-47. doi: 10.1002/mrm.26691. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

GABA editing with macromolecule suppression using an improved MEGA-SPECIAL sequence.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
2
GE Healthcare, Menlo Park, California, USA.
3
GE Healthcare, Berlin, Germany.
4
Center for Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
6
Neurosciences Program and Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The most common γ-aminobutyric-acid (GABA) editing approach, MEGA-PRESS, uses J-editing to measure GABA distinct from larger overlapping metabolites, but suffers contamination from coedited macromolecules (MMs) comprising 40 to 60% of the observed signal. MEGA-SPECIAL is an alternative method with better MM suppression, but is not widely used primarily because of its relatively poor spatial localization. Our goal was to develop an improved MM-suppressed GABA editing sequence at 3 Tesla.

METHODS:

We modified a single-voxel MEGA-SPECIAL sequence with an oscillating readout gradient for improved spatial localization, and used very selective 30-ms editing pulses for improved suppression of coedited MMs.

RESULTS:

Simulation and in vivo experiments confirmed excellent MM suppression, insensitive to the range of B0 frequency drifts typically encountered in vivo. Both intersubject and intrasubject studies showed that MMs, when suppressed by the improved MEGA-SPECIAL method, contributed approximately 40% to the corresponding MEGA-PRESS measurements. From the intersubject study, the coefficient of variation for GABA+/Cre (MEGA-PRESS) was 11.2% versus 7% for GABA/Cre (improved MEGA-SPECIAL), demonstrating significantly reduced variance (P = 0.005), likely coming from coedited MMs.

CONCLUSIONS:

This improved MEGA-SPECIAL sequence provides unbiased GABA measurements with reduced variance as compared with conventional MEGA-PRESS. This approach is also relatively insensitive to the range of B0 drifts typically observed in in vivo human studies. Magn Reson Med 79:41-47, 2018. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

KEYWORDS:

GABA; MEGA-PRESS; MEGA-SPECIAL; MRS; macromolecule suppression

PMID:
28370458
PMCID:
PMC5623603
DOI:
10.1002/mrm.26691
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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