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Virus Res. 1988 Apr;10(1):41-51.

Early events in polyomavirus infection: fusion of monopinocytotic vesicles containing virions with mouse kidney cell nuclei.

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1
Section of Virology and Oncology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506.

Abstract

The entry of polyomavirus enclosed in monopinocytotic vesicles into mouse kidney cell nuclei was studied and evidence for a fusion mechanism was obtained. In vivo studies using the fluorescent lipophilic dye diI-C16(3) as a plasma membrane label showed that polyomavirus-infected nuclei accumulate plasma membrane, while uninfected or polyoma capsid-infected nuclei do not. Further evidence for fusion was obtained with electron microscopy of thin sections of infected mouse kidney cells. These specimens showed accumulation of plasma membrane in the outer nuclear membrane as well as evidence of recent fusion events. The polyoma virions (capsid proteins) were seen to accumulate on the inner nuclear membrane and in the nucleus and were identified by immunogold staining of the thin sections. The combined results of the in vivo dye studies and thin section immunoelectron microscopy studies provide evidence for a fusion mechanism for polyomavirus entry into mouse kidney cell nuclei.

PMID:
2837012
DOI:
10.1016/0168-1702(88)90056-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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