Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Health Serv Res. 2017 Oct;52(5):1667-1684. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12687. Epub 2017 Mar 30.

Development and Validation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Measures of Potentially Preventable Emergency Department (ED) Visits: The ED Prevention Quality Indicators for General Health Conditions.

Author information

1
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
2
Center for Health Policy/Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
3
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.
4
Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.
5
Division of Healthcare Delivery Data, Measures, and Research, Center for Delivery, Organization and Markets (CDOM), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop and validate rates of potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits as indicators of community health.

DATA SOURCES:

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project 2008-2010 State Inpatient Databases and State Emergency Department Databases.

STUDY DESIGN:

Empirical analyses and structured panel reviews.

METHODS:

Panels of 14-17 clinicians and end users evaluated a set of ED Prevention Quality Indicators (PQIs) using a Modified Delphi process. Empirical analyses included assessing variation in ED PQI rates across counties and sensitivity of those rates to county-level poverty, uninsurance, and density of primary care physicians (PCPs).

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

ED PQI rates varied widely across U.S. communities. Indicator rates were significantly associated with county-level poverty, median income, Medicaid insurance, and levels of uninsurance. A few indicators were significantly associated with PCP density, with higher rates in areas with greater density. A clinical and an end-user panel separately rated the indicators as having strong face validity for most uses evaluated.

CONCLUSIONS:

The ED PQIs have undergone initial validation as indicators of community health with potential for use in public reporting, population health improvement, and research.

KEYWORDS:

Emergency department; ambulatory care sensitive conditions; community health; quality indicators

PMID:
28369814
PMCID:
PMC5583364
DOI:
10.1111/1475-6773.12687
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center