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Pharmacol Toxicol. 1988 Mar;62(3):155-8.

Relaxation of bovine mesenteric artery induced by glyceryl trinitrate is attenuated by pertussis toxin.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.


Low concentrations (less than 1 nM) of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) induced a considerable relaxation of bovine mesenteric arteries (BMA) brought to sustained contraction by the addition of phenylephrine. The concentration-response curve of GTN showed a biphasic pattern with a high and a low affinity component. Pretreatment with pertussis toxin (IAP) attenuated the high affinity relaxant component, but not the low affinity component or the relaxation induced by NaNO2. A polyclonal antibody to IAP counteracted the effect of the toxin on the GTN-response. Low concentrations of GTN increased the cGMP level in BMA via activation of the high affinity pathway. This effect was also inhibited in preparations pretreated with IAP. It is suggested from the present study that GTN induces relaxation of vascular smooth muscle via two separate pathways, the high affinity pathway might involve a receptor-complex interaction with a regulatory protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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