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Jpn J Infect Dis. 2017 Sep 25;70(5):579-581. doi: 10.7883/yoken.JJID.2016.379. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Dengue-Immune Humans Have Higher Levels of Complement-Independent Enhancing Antibody than Complement-Dependent Neutralizing Antibody.

Yamanaka A1,2,3, Konishi E1,2,3.

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BIKEN Endowed Department of Dengue Vaccine Development, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University.
BIKEN Endowed Department of Dengue Vaccine Development, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University.
Center for Infectious Diseases, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine.


Dengue is the most important arboviral disease worldwide. We previously reported that most inhabitants of dengue-endemic countries who are naturally immune to the disease have infection-enhancing antibodies whose in vitro activity does not decrease in the presence of complement (complement-independent enhancing antibodies, or CiEAb). Here, we compared levels of CiEAb and complement-dependent neutralizing antibodies (CdNAb) in dengue-immune humans. A typical antibody dose-response pattern obtained in our assay system to measure the balance between neutralizing and enhancing antibodies showed both neutralizing and enhancing activities depending on serum dilution factor. The addition of complement to the assay system increased the activity of neutralizing antibodies at lower dilutions, indicating the presence of CdNAb. In contrast, similar dose-response curves were obtained with and without complement at higher dilutions, indicating higher levels of CiEAb than CdNAb. For experimental support for the higher CiEAb levels, a cocktail of mouse monoclonal antibodies against dengue virus type 1 was prepared. The antibody dose-response curves obtained in this assay, with or without complement, were similar to those obtained with human serum samples when a high proportion of D1-V-3H12 (an antibody exhibiting only enhancing activity and thus a model for CiEAb) was used in the cocktail. This study revealed higher-level induction of CiEAb than CdNAb in humans naturally infected with dengue viruses.


antibody-dependent enhancement of infection; complement; dengue; monoclonal antibody; neutralizing antibody

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