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Cult Health Sex. 2017 Nov;19(11):1197-1209. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1299882. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

Sexual HIV risk among gay, bisexual and queer transgender men: findings from interviews in Vancouver, Canada.

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a Epidemiology & Public Health Program , BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS , Vancouver , Canada.
b Momentum Health Study Team , Vancouver , Canada.
c Faculty of Health Sciences , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , Canada.
d Faculty of Medicine , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , Canada.
e Department of Anthropology , University of Victoria , Victoria , Canada.


Gay, bisexual, queer and other men who have sex with men are disproportionately affected by HIV in Canada. While up to 63% of transgender men identify as gay, bisexual or queer and report a variety of HIV sexual risk behaviours, transgender men are often overlooked within epidemiological HIV surveillance and research. While a growing body of research has begun to examine sexual risk for transgender gay, bisexual and queer men, most studies have been conducted in the USA. This study explored sexual HIV risk for this population in the Canadian context, specifically in British Columbia, in an environment of publically funded universal access to healthcare, including HIV testing and treatment. We conducted interviews with 11 gay, bisexual and queer transgender men. Participants' narratives suggest that HIV risk for these transgender men is shaped by a diversity of sexual behaviours, including inconsistent condom use, seeking partners online for greater safety and accessing HIV/STI testing and other healthcare services despite facing transition-related barriers. Public health prevention and health education must recognise the presence of transgender men and ensure health services and broader population health promotion meet the unique sexual health needs of this sub-population of gay, bisexual and queer men.


Canada; HIV; Transgender; gay men; sexual risk; trans men

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