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Can J Diabetes. 2017 Oct;41(5):536-547. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2016.12.004. Epub 2017 Mar 30.

Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training on People Living with Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review.

Author information

1
U-Kinetics Exercise and Wellness Clinic, Faculty of Health and Sciences, Universal College of Learning, Masterton, New Zealand; AUT Millennium Campus, Human Potential Centre, Auckland University of Technology, Rosedale, Auckland, New Zealand.
2
High Altitude Exercise Physiology Program, Western State Colorado University, Gunnison, Colorado, United States.
3
AUT Millennium Campus, Human Potential Centre, Auckland University of Technology, Rosedale, Auckland, New Zealand.
4
AUT Millennium Campus, Human Potential Centre, Auckland University of Technology, Rosedale, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: nigel.harris@aut.ac.nz.

Abstract

People with type 2 diabetes typically present with comorbidities, such as elevated blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, obesity and decreased fitness, all contributive to increased risk for cardiovascular complications. Determination of effective exercise modalities for the management of such complications is important. One such modality is high-intensity interval training (HIIT). To conduct the review, PubMed and EBSCOHost databases were searched through June 1, 2016, for all HIIT intervention studies conducted in people living with type 2 diabetes. Thereafter, the central characteristics of HIIT were analyzed to obtain a broader understanding of the cardiometabolic benefits achievable by HIIT. Fourteen studies were included for review, but the heterogeneity of the participants with type 2 diabetes, the training equipment and HIIT parameters, accompanied by variations in supervision, dietary advice and medications, prevented direct comparisons. However HIIT, regardless of the specific parameters employed, was a suitable option in pursuing improved glycemic control, body composition, aerobic fitness, blood pressure and lipidemia measures in individuals with type 2 diabetes. HIIT is a therapy with at least equivalent benefit to moderate-intensity continuous training; hence, HIIT should be considered when prescribing exercise interventions for people living with type 2 diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

cardiometabolic risk factors; diabète de type 2; entraînement par intervalles à haute intensité; facteurs de risque cardiométabolique; glycemic control; high-intensity interval training; high-intensity interval training (HIIT) parameters; paramètres de l'entraînement par intervalles à haute intensité (EIHI); régulation de la glycémie; type 2 diabetes

PMID:
28366674
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcjd.2016.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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