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Lancet. 2017 May 13;389(10082):1941-1952. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30866-8. Epub 2017 Mar 30.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Author information

1
Unità Operativa Complessa di Pneumologia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione Policlinico A. Gemelli, Rome, Italy; National Institute for Health Research Southampton Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit and Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. Electronic address: luca.richeldi@unicatt.it.
2
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3
National Institute for Health Research Southampton Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit and Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Abstract

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a prototype of chronic, progressive, and fibrotic lung disease. Healthy tissue is replaced by altered extracellular matrix and alveolar architecture is destroyed, which leads to decreased lung compliance, disrupted gas exchange, and ultimately respiratory failure and death. In less than a decade, understanding of the pathogenesis and management of this disease has been transformed, and two disease-modifying therapies have been approved, worldwide. In this Seminar, we summarise the presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment options available for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. This disease has improved understanding of the mechanisms of lung fibrosis, and offers hope that similar approaches will transform the management of patients with other progressive fibrotic lung diseases.

PMID:
28365056
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30866-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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