Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Jun;90:194-202. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2017.03.043. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

Cardioprotective effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide in isolated rat heart and in H9c2 cells via redox signaling.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.
2
Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Italy. Electronic address: claudia.penna@unito.it.
3
Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Italy; Department of Veterinary Science, University of Torino, Italy.
4
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Torino, Italy.
5
Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Italy. Electronic address: pasquale.pagliaro@unito.it.

Abstract

The calcitonin-gene-related-peptide (CGRP) release is coupled to the signaling of Angeli's salt in determining vasodilator effects. However, it is unknown whether CGRP is involved in Angeli's salt cardioprotective effects and which are the mechanisms of protection. We aimed to determine whether CGRP is involved in myocardial protection induced by Angeli's salt. We also analyzed the intracellular signaling pathway activated by CGRP. Isolated rat hearts were pre-treated with Angeli's salt or Angeli's salt plus CGRP8-37, a specific CGRP-receptor antagonist, and subjected to ischemia (30-min) and reperfusion (120-min). Moreover, we studied CGRP-induced protection during oxidative stress (H2O2) and hypoxia/reoxygenation protocols in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Cell vitality and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔYm, MMP) were measured using MTT and JC-1 dyes. Angeli's salt reduced infarct size and ameliorated post-ischemic cardiac function via a CGRP-receptor-dependent mechanism. Pre-treatment with CGRP increased H9c2 survival upon challenging with either H2O2 (redox stress) or hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R stress). Under these stress conditions, reduction in MMP and cell death were partly prevented by CGRP. These CGRP beneficial effects were blocked by CGRP8-37. During H/R stress, pre-treatment with either CGRP-receptor, protein kinase C (PKC) or mitochondrial KATP channel antagonists, and pre-treatment with an antioxidant (2-mercaptopropionylglycine) blocked the protection mediated by CGRP. In conclusion, CGRP is involved in the cardioprotective effects of Angeli's salt. In H9c2 cardiomyocytes, CGRP elicits PKC-dependent and mitochondrial-KATP-redox-dependent mechanisms. Hence, CGRP is an important factor in the redox-sensible cardioprotective effects of Angeli's salt.

KEYWORDS:

ATP-sensitive-potassium channels; Hypoxia/Reoxygenation; Mitochondria; Nitroxyl; Protein kinase C; ROS signaling

PMID:
28364596
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2017.03.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center