Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Youth Adolesc. 2017 Sep;46(9):1891-1904. doi: 10.1007/s10964-017-0668-6. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Being Poorer Than the Rest of the Neighborhood: Relative Deprivation and Problem Behavior of Youth.

Author information

1
OTB - Research for the Built Environment, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, P.O. box 5043, 2600GA, Delft, The Netherlands. j.g.nieuwenhuis@tudelft.nl.
2
OTB - Research for the Built Environment, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, P.O. box 5043, 2600GA, Delft, The Netherlands.
3
School of Geography & Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK.
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
5
Research Centre Adolescent Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
6
Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
7
Urban and Regional Research Centre Utrecht (URU), Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

According to the neighborhood effects hypothesis, there is a negative relation between neighborhood wealth and youth's problem behavior. It is often assumed that there are more problems in deprived neighborhoods, but there are also reports of higher rates of behavioral problems in more affluent neighborhoods. Much of this literature does not take into account relative wealth. Our central question was whether the economic position of adolescents' families, relative to the neighborhood in which they lived, was related to adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problem behavior. We used longitudinal data for youth between 12-16 and 16-20 years of age, combined with population register data (N = 926; 55% females). We employ between-within models to account for time-invariant confounders, including parental background characteristics. Our findings show that, for adolescents, moving to a more affluent neighborhood was related to increased levels of depression, social phobia, aggression, and conflict with fathers and mothers. This could be indirect evidence for the relative deprivation mechanism, but we could not confirm this, and we did not find any gender differences. The results do suggest that future research should further investigate the role of individuals' relative position in their neighborhood in order not to overgeneralize neighborhood effects and to find out for whom neighborhoods matter.

KEYWORDS:

Externalizing problems; Internalizing problems; Neighborhood effects; Parent–adolescent conflict; Relative deprivation; Residential mobility

PMID:
28364210
PMCID:
PMC5561161
DOI:
10.1007/s10964-017-0668-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center