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J Laryngol Otol. 2017 Jun;131(6):501-507. doi: 10.1017/S002221511700069X. Epub 2017 Mar 30.

A randomised controlled study of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation therapy in the management of tinnitus.

Author information

1
Department of ENT,Glangwili Hospital,Carmarthen,UK.
2
Department of Physiotherapy,University Hospital of Wales,Cardiff,UK.
3
Welsh Hearing Institute, University Hospital of Wales,Cardiff,UK.
4
Department of Physiotherapy,Whitchurch Hospital, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board,UK.
5
Department of Liaison Psychiatry,University Hospital of Wales,Cardiff,UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Psychotherapeutic interventions have been adopted effectively in the management of tinnitus for a long time. This study compared mindfulness meditation and relaxation therapy for management of tinnitus.

METHODS:

In this randomised controlled trial, patients were recruited for five sessions of mindfulness meditation or five sessions of relaxation therapy. Patients' responses were evaluated using the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire as a primary outcome measure, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, visual analogue scale and a health status indicator as secondary outcome measures.

RESULTS:

A total of 86 patients were recruited. Thirty-four patients completed mindfulness meditation and 27 patients completed relaxation therapy. Statistically significant improvement was seen in all outcome measures except the health status indicator in both treatment groups. The change in treatment scores was greater in the mindfulness meditation group than in the relaxation therapy group.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that although both mindfulness meditation and relaxation therapy are effective in the management of tinnitus, mindfulness meditation is superior to relaxation therapy.

KEYWORDS:

Meditation; Relaxation Therapy; Tinnitus

PMID:
28357966
DOI:
10.1017/S002221511700069X
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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